Philippines / Typhoon Haiyan (16 Nov)

Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) emergency team in the far east of Samar island, where the typhoon first stuck, is setting up its medical services and seeing patients. The team is creating what will be an integrated provision of mobile clinics, reaching out to the more isolated parts of the coast and islands, and outpatient services in the town of Guiuan itself. The clinic in Guiuan will be able to keep more seriously ill patients overnight.
“Much of the work has involved treating existing wounds which have become infected,” says Dr Johan VON SCHREEB, who arrived with the team on Thursday (14 November). “We have done 25 minor surgeries in the past day (14 November) and the queues are growing with patients suffering pneumonia and diarrhea.”
Guiuan had almost all of its buildings destroyed and the local hospital is not functioning. The most seriously injured people have now been evacuated. MSF will be providing water and sanitation services as soon as possible and will also assist with shelter. Other members of the team assessed smaller nearby islands by helicopter on Friday, and if conditions allow, soon begin using boats to stage mobile clinics on those islands and along the coast of eastern Samar.
After several days of searching for a way to get teams and supplies to Tacloban, in Leyte Province, a six-person MSF team finally reached the city on Thursday and is working to set up a field hospital there in the coming days. The team also visited Palo, southeast of Tacloban, where the hospital has been severely damaged by the typhoon.
MSF staff that assessed Ormoc, in western Leyte, saw a town where most buildings were destroyed and where a hospital that previously had the capacity for 200 beds can now run only a 25-bed emergency department. This team will also assess the area between Ormoc and Tocloban, and another team will assess needs in southern Leyte.
Travelling by helicopter, an MSF team saw that roughly half of Roxas City, in Capiz Province on Panay Island, was significantly damaged. They will carry out additional assessments in the smaller villages surrounding Roxas, while another team, this one consisting of two nurses, a logistician, and a water and sanitation specialist, will fly from Manila to Iloilo, from which they will try to reach San Dionisio, Estancia and Balasan municipalities in northeastern Panay Island.
MSF teams are finding their efforts thus far limited by huge logistical impediments that the storm left in its wake. The areas affected by the typhoon are spread out across a very wide area. Many of the main roads and airports in the region are either destroyed, closed, or littered with debris. Some airstrips are too small to land large planes, and electricity and fuel supplies are very limited. Therefore it has been difficult to deliver the cargo necessary, in the amounts necessary, in order to set up programs and provide medical care.
MSF is therefore exploring all possible contingencies and all modes of transport that can get staff and supplies where they need to be to aid those in affected areas, particularly more remote areas further from the center of the overall relief effort.
“When we run into an obstacle and plan A doesn’t work, we have to move to plan B, or plan C, or in some instances even plan D or E”, say Dr Natasha REYES, MSF emergency coordinator in Cebu. “We have to think outside the box and be creative, because there are people who need assistance. MSF has been responding to emergencies for a long time, so we’ve done it before, and we now have to do it again, as quickly as we can.”
MSF, for instance, has been able to land cargo planes at the airport in the area’s largest city, Cebu, and to use smaller craft-planes, helicopters, and boats – to send small teams to assess the medical and humanitarian situation in towns and islands in the vicinity.
The nature of MSF’s response will vary from location to location, depending on the setting. But supporting local hospitals, many of which were damaged, is a clear priority, as is running mobile clinics to reach more isolated populations. This may include setting up mobile hubs or “bases” aboard boats that can move from one plane to another as need dictate. In all locations, whatever the obstacles, teams will continue to look for ways to reach those in need.